happy first day of spring

I am getting cut off - I'll add my notes tomorrow

surveillance |səˈveɪl(ə)ns, -ˈveɪəns|

noun [ mass noun ]

close observation, especially of a suspected spy or criminal: he found himself put under surveillance by British military intelligence.

ORIGIN early 19th cent.: from French, from sur- ‘over’ + veiller ‘watch’ (from Latin vigilare ‘keep watch’).



verb |səˈveɪ| [ with obj. ]

1 look closely at or examine (someone or something): her green eyes surveyed him coolly | I surveyed the options.

2 examine and record the area and features of (an area of land) so as to construct a map, plan, or description: he surveyed the coasts of New Zealand.

Brit.examine and report on the condition of (a building), especially for a prospective buyer: the cottage didn't look unsafe, but he had it surveyed.

3 investigate the opinions or experience of (a group of people) by asking them questions: 95 per cent of patients surveyed were satisfied with the health service.

• investigate (behaviour or opinions) by questioning a group of people: the investigator surveyed the attitudes and beliefs held by residents.

noun |ˈsəːveɪ|

1 a general view, examination, or description of someone or something: the author provides a survey of the relevant literature.

• an investigation of the opinions or experience of a group of people, based on a series of questions. a survey conducted by Gardening Which?

2 Brit.an act of surveying a building: the building society will insist that you have a survey done.

• a written report detailing the findings of a building survey. the third type of report is a full structural survey.

3 an act of surveying an area of land: the flight involved a detailed aerial survey of military bases.

• a map, plan, or detailed description obtained by surveying an area.

• a department carrying out the surveying of land: the British Geological Survey.

ORIGIN late Middle English (in the sense ‘examine and ascertain the condition of’): from Anglo-Norman French surveier, from medieval Latin supervidere, from super- ‘over’ + videre ‘to see’. The early sense of the noun (late 15th cent.) was ‘supervision’.


surveil |səˈveɪl| (also surveille)

verb (surveils, surveilling, surveilled) [ with obj. ] chiefly US

keep (a person or place) under surveillance: he deployed FBI agents to surveil the offices of those companies.

ORIGIN 1960s: back-formation from surveillance.


career |kəˈrɪə|


an occupation undertaken for a significant period of a person's life and with opportunities for progress. he seemed destined for a career as an engineer like his father.

• the time spent by a person in a career: the end of a distinguished career in the Royal Navy.

• the progress through history of an institution, organization, etc.: the court has had a chequered career.

• [ as modifier ] working permanently in or committed to a particular profession: a career diplomat.

• [ as modifier ] (of a woman) interested in pursuing a profession rather than devoting all her time to childcare and housekeeping: a career girl.


verb [ no obj., with adverbial of direction ]

move swiftly and in an uncontrolled way: the coach careered across the road and went through a hedge.



in full career archaic at full speed.

ORIGIN mid 16th cent. (denoting a road or racecourse): from French carrière, from Italian carriera, based on Latin carrus ‘wheeled vehicle’.


careen |kəˈriːn|


1 [ with obj. ] turn (a ship) on its side for cleaning, caulking, or repair.

• [ no obj. ] (of a ship) tilt; lean over: a heavy flood tide caused my vessel to careen dizzily.


2 [ no obj., with adverbial of direction ] chiefly N. Amer.move swiftly and in an uncontrolled way: an electric golf cart careened around the corner.


ORIGIN late 16th cent. (as a noun denoting the position of a careened ship): from French carène, from Italian carena, from Latin carina ‘a keel’.

Sense 2 was influenced by the verb career.


oblivious |əˈblɪvɪəs|


not aware of or concerned about what is happening around one: she became absorbed, oblivious to the passage of time.


both |bəʊθ|

predeterminer, determiner, & pronoun

used for emphasis to refer to two people or things, regarded and identified together: [ as predeterminer ] : both his parents indulged him | [ as determiner ] : she held on with both hands | cars parked on both sides of the road | [ as pronoun ] : a picture of both of us together | he looked at them both.


used before the first of two alternatives to emphasize that the statement being made applies to each (the other alternative being introduced by ‘and’): the film has won favour with both young and old | studies of zebra finches, both in the wild and in captivity.


have it both ways benefit from two incompatible ways of thinking or behaving: countries cannot have it both ways: the cost of a cleaner environment may sometimes be fewer jobs.

ORIGIN Middle English: from Old Norse báthir .


bored 1 |bɔːd|


feeling weary and impatient because one is unoccupied or lacks interest in one's current activity: she got bored with staring out of the window | they hung around all day, bored stiff | bored teenagers. John was soon bored to tears with the work. she's bored out of her mind.


boredly |ˈbɔːdli| adverb



usage: The traditional constructions for bored are bored by or bored with. The construction bored of emerged more recently, and is extremely common, especially in informal language. Although it is perfectly logical by analogy with constructions such as tired of, it is not fully accepted in standard English.


deal 1 |diːl|

verb (past and past participledealt |dɛlt| )

1 [ with obj. ] distribute (cards) in an orderly rotation to players for a game or round: the cards were dealt for the last hand | [ with two objs ] figurative : fate dealt her a different hand | [ no obj. ] : he shuffled and dealt.

• (deal someone in) include a new player in a card game by giving them cards.

• distribute or mete out (something) to a person or group: the punishments dealt out to the rioters were hideous.

2 [ no obj. ] take part in commercial trading of a particular commodity: directors were prohibited from dealing in the company's shares.

• be concerned with: journalism that deals in small-town chit-chat.

informal buy and sell illegal drugs. you are suspected of dealing in drugs. [ with obj. ] : many of the men are dealing drugs.

3 [ no obj. ] (deal with) take measures concerning (someone or something), especially with the intention of putting something right: the government had been unable to deal with the economic crisis.

• cope with or control (a difficult person or situation): you'll have to find a way of dealing with those feelings.

• [ with adverbial ] treat (someone) in a particular way: life had dealt very harshly with her.

• have commercial relations with: the bank deals directly with the private sector.

• have as a subject; discuss: the novel deals with several different topics.

4 [ with two objs ] inflict (a blow) on (someone or something): hopes of an economic recovery were dealt another blow.


1 an agreement entered into by two or more parties for their mutual benefit, especially in a business or political context: the government was ready to do a deal with the opposition.

• [ with adj. ] a particular form of treatment given or received: working mothers get a bad deal.

2 [ in sing. ] the process of distributing the cards to players in a card game. after the deal, players A and B stay out.

• a player's turn to distribute cards. ‘Time for one more game.’ ‘All right. Whose deal?’.

• the round of play following a distribution of cards.

• the set of hands dealt to the players.


a big deal informal [ usu. with negative ] a thing considered important: they don't make a big deal out of minor irritations. • (big deal) used to express one's contempt for something regarded as impressive or important by another person. ‘I'll give you an allowance,’ he said. ‘Big deal,’ she thought.

a deal of dated a large amount of: he lost a deal of blood.

a good (or great) deal a large amount: I don't know a great deal about politics. • to a considerable extent: she had got to know him a good deal better.

a square deal a fair arrangement. the workers feel they are not getting a square deal.

it's a deal informal used to express one's assent to an agreement. ‘It's a deal,’ he said, smiling with satisfaction.

ORIGIN Old English dǣlan‘divide’, ‘participate’, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch deel and German Teil ‘part’ (noun), also to dole1. The sense ‘divide’ gave rise to ‘distribute’, hence sense 1 of the verb, sense 4 of the verb; the sense ‘participate’ gave rise to ‘have dealings with’, hence sense 2 of the verb, sense 3 of the verb.



forte 1 |ˈfɔːteɪ, ˈfɔːti, fɔːt|


1 (one's forte) a thing at which someone excels: small talk was not his forte.

2 Fencing the part of a sword blade from the hilt to the middle. Compare with foible.

ORIGIN mid 17th cent. ( in sense 2; originally as fort): from French fort (masculine), forte (feminine) ‘strong’, from Latin fortis .

forte 2 |ˈfɔːteɪ| Music

adverb& adjective

(especially as a direction) loud or loudly.


a passage performed or marked to be performed loudly.

ORIGIN Italian, literally ‘strong, loud’, from Latin fortis .


pianoforte |pɪˌanəʊˈfɔːteɪ, pɪˌanəʊˈfɔːti|


formal term for piano1.

ORIGIN mid 18th cent.: from Italian, earlier piano e forte ‘soft and loud’, expressing the gradation in tone.



mayonnaise |meɪəˈneɪz|

noun [ mass noun ]

a thick creamy dressing consisting of egg yolks beaten with oil and vinegar and seasoned. spread each slice thinly with mayonnaise. [ count noun ] : mayonnaises and salad dressings are usually on the no-go list for slimmers.

• [ with modifier ] Brit.a mixture of mayonnaise and a specified ingredient: egg mayonnaise.

ORIGIN French, probably from the feminine of mahonnais ‘of or from Port Mahon’, the capital of Minorca.



diarrhoea |ˌdʌɪəˈrɪə| (USdiarrhea)

noun [ mass noun ]

a condition in which faeces are discharged from the bowels frequently and in a liquid form. a range of symptoms including diarrhoea and vomiting.


diarrhoeal adjective,

diarrhoeic adjective

ORIGIN late Middle English: via late Latin from Greek diarrhoia, from diarrhein ‘flow through’, from dia ‘through’ + rhein ‘to flow’.